Laravel 9 React JS CRUD using Vite Example

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This article will provide example of laravel 9 react js crud example. step by step explain react js crud example with laravel 9 api. We will look at example of laravel 9 react js crud with vite. We will look at example of laravel 9 react js vite example. Here, Creating a basic example of laravel 9 react js crud tutorial for beginners.

In this tutorial, we will use laravel breeze, inertia js, vite and tailwind css to create react crud in laravel app. we will create “posts” table with title and body columns. then we will create insert update and delete tasks using react js with laravel api.

So, let’s follow the below step to do react js crud with laravel vite. you can see below a preview screenshot of the example as well.

Laravel 9 React JS CRUD using Vite Example

List View:

Laravel 9 React JS CRUD using Vite Example

Create View:

Laravel 9 React JS CRUD using Vite Example

Update View:

Laravel 9 React JS CRUD using Vite Example

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Step 1: Install Laravel

This is optional; however, if you have not created the laravel app, then you may go ahead and execute the below command:

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

Step 2: Create Auth with Breeze

Now, in this step, we need to use composer command to install breeze, so let’s run bellow command and install bellow library.

composer require laravel/breeze --dev

now, we need to create authentication using bellow command. you can create basic login, register and email verification using react js. if you want to create team management then you have to pass addition parameter. you can see bellow commands:

php artisan breeze:install react

Now, let’s node js package:

npm install

let’s run vite, you have to keep start this command:

npm run dev

now, we need to run migration command to create database table:

php artisan migrate

Step 3: Create Migration and Model

Here, we need create database migration for posts table and also we will create model for posts table.

php artisan make:migration create_posts_table

Migration:

<?php

use IlluminateDatabaseMigrationsMigration;

use IlluminateDatabaseSchemaBlueprint;

use IlluminateSupportFacadesSchema;

return new class extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->id();

$table->string('title');

$table->text('body');

$table->timestamps();

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

Schema::dropIfExists('posts');

}

}

php artisan migrate

now we will create Post.php model by using following command:

php artisan make:model Post

App/Models/Post.php

<?php

namespace AppModels;

use IlluminateDatabaseEloquentFactoriesHasFactory;

use IlluminateDatabaseEloquentModel;

class Post extends Model

{

use HasFactory;

/**

* The attributes that are mass assignable.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $fillable = [

'title', 'body'

];

}

Step 4: Create Route

In third step, we will create routes for react js crud app. so create resource route here.

routes/web.php

<?php

use IlluminateFoundationApplication;

use IlluminateSupportFacadesRoute;

use InertiaInertia;

use AppHttpControllersPostController;

/*

|--------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Web Routes

|--------------------------------------------------------------------------

|

| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These

| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which

| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!

|

*/

Route::resource('posts', PostController::class);

Route::get('/', function () {

return Inertia::render('Welcome', [

'canLogin' => Route::has('login'),

'canRegister' => Route::has('register'),

'laravelVersion' => Application::VERSION,

'phpVersion' => PHP_VERSION,

]);

});

Route::get('/dashboard', function () {

return Inertia::render('Dashboard');

})->middleware(['auth', 'verified'])->name('dashboard');

require __DIR__.'/auth.php';

Step 5: Create Controller

In this step, we will create PostController file and add following code on it.

app/Http/Controllers/PostController.php

<?php

namespace AppHttpControllers;

use IlluminateHttpRequest;

use InertiaInertia;

use AppModelsPost;

use IlluminateSupportFacadesValidator;

class PostController extends Controller

{

/**

* Show the form for creating a new resource.

*

* @return Response

*/

public function index()

{

$posts = Post::all();

return Inertia::render('Posts/Index', ['posts' => $posts]);

}

/**

* Write code on Method

*

* @return response()

*/

public function create()

{

return Inertia::render('Posts/Create');

}

/**

* Show the form for creating a new resource.

*

* @return Response

*/

public function store(Request $request)

{

Validator::make($request->all(), [

'title' => ['required'],

'body' => ['required'],

])->validate();

Post::create($request->all());

return redirect()->route('posts.index');

}

/**

* Write code on Method

*

* @return response()

*/

public function edit(Post $post)

{

return Inertia::render('Posts/Edit', [

'post' => $post

]);

}

/**

* Show the form for creating a new resource.

*

* @return Response

*/

public function update($id, Request $request)

{

Validator::make($request->all(), [

'title' => ['required'],

'body' => ['required'],

])->validate();

Post::find($id)->update($request->all());

return redirect()->route('posts.index');

}

/**

* Show the form for creating a new resource.

*

* @return Response

*/

public function destroy($id)

{

Post::find($id)->delete();

return redirect()->route('posts.index');

}

}

Step 6: Create React Pages

.leader-1-multi-159{border:none!important;display:block!important;float:none;line-height:0;margin-bottom:15px!important;margin-left:0!important;margin-right:0!important;margin-top:15px!important;max-width:100%!important;min-height:250px;min-width:300px;padding:0;text-align:center!important}Here, in this step we will create react js file for Index.jsx, Create.jsx and Edit.jsx.

so, let’s create it and add bellow code on it.

resources/js/Pages/Posts/Index.jsx

import React from 'react';

import Authenticated from '@/Layouts/Authenticated';

import { Inertia } from "@inertiajs/inertia";

import { Head, usePage, Link } from '@inertiajs/inertia-react';

export default function Dashboard(props) {

const { posts } = usePage().props

function destroy(e) {

if (confirm("Are you sure you want to delete this user?")) {

Inertia.delete(route("posts.destroy", e.currentTarget.id));

}

}

return (

<Authenticated

auth={props.auth}

errors={props.errors}

header={<h2 className="font-semibold text-xl text-gray-800 leading-tight">Posts</h2>}

>

<Head title="Posts" />

<div className="py-12">

<div className="max-w-7xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8">

<div className="bg-white overflow-hidden shadow-sm sm:rounded-lg">

<div className="p-6 bg-white border-b border-gray-200">

<div className="flex items-center justify-between mb-6">

<Link

className="px-6 py-2 text-white bg-green-500 rounded-md focus:outline-none"

href={ route("posts.create") }

>

Create Post

</Link>

</div>

<table className="table-fixed w-full">

<thead>

<tr className="bg-gray-100">

<th className="px-4 py-2 w-20">No.</th>

<th className="px-4 py-2">Title</th>

<th className="px-4 py-2">Body</th>

<th className="px-4 py-2">Action</th>

</tr>

</thead>

<tbody>

{posts.map(({ id, title, body }) => (

<tr>

<td className="border px-4 py-2">{ id }</td>

<td className="border px-4 py-2">{ title }</td>

<td className="border px-4 py-2">{ body }</td>

<td className="border px-4 py-2">

<Link

tabIndex="1"

className="px-4 py-2 text-sm text-white bg-blue-500 rounded"

href={route("posts.edit", id)}

>

Edit

</Link>

<button

onClick={destroy}

id={id}

tabIndex="-1"

type="button"

className="mx-1 px-4 py-2 text-sm text-white bg-red-500 rounded"

>

Delete

</button>

</td>

</tr>

))}

{posts.length === 0 && (

<tr>

<td

className="px-6 py-4 border-t"

colSpan="4"

>

No contacts found.

</td>

</tr>

)}

</tbody>

</table>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</Authenticated>

);

}

resources/js/Pages/Posts/Create.jsx

import React from 'react';

import Authenticated from '@/Layouts/Authenticated';

import { Head, useForm, Link } from '@inertiajs/inertia-react';

export default function Dashboard(props) {

const { data, setData, errors, post } = useForm({

title: "",

description: "",

});

function handleSubmit(e) {

e.preventDefault();

post(route("posts.store"));

}

return (

<Authenticated

auth={props.auth}

errors={props.errors}

header={<h2 className="font-semibold text-xl text-gray-800 leading-tight">Create Post</h2>}

>

<Head title="Posts" />

<div className="py-12">

<div className="max-w-7xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8">

<div className="bg-white overflow-hidden shadow-sm sm:rounded-lg">

<div className="p-6 bg-white border-b border-gray-200">

<div className="flex items-center justify-between mb-6">

<Link

className="px-6 py-2 text-white bg-blue-500 rounded-md focus:outline-none"

href={ route("posts.index") }

>

Back

</Link>

</div>

<form name="createForm" onSubmit={handleSubmit}>

<div className="flex flex-col">

<div className="mb-4">

<label className="">Title</label>

<input

type="text"

className="w-full px-4 py-2"

label="Title"

name="title"

value={data.title}

onChange={(e) =>

setData("title", e.target.value)

}

/>

<span className="text-red-600">

{errors.title}

</span>

</div>

<div className="mb-0">

<label className="">Body</label>

<textarea

type="text"

className="w-full rounded"

label="body"

name="body"

errors={errors.body}

value={data.body}

onChange={(e) =>

setData("body", e.target.value)

}

/>

<span className="text-red-600">

{errors.body}

</span>

</div>

</div>

<div className="mt-4">

<button

type="submit"

className="px-6 py-2 font-bold text-white bg-green-500 rounded"

>

Save

</button>

</div>

</form>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</Authenticated>

);

}

resources/js/Pages/Posts/Edit.jsx

import React from 'react';

import Authenticated from '@/Layouts/Authenticated';

import { Head, useForm, usePage, Link } from '@inertiajs/inertia-react';

export default function Dashboard(props) {

const { post } = usePage().props;

const { data, setData, put, errors } = useForm({

title: post.title || "",

body: post.body || "",

});

function handleSubmit(e) {

e.preventDefault();

put(route("posts.update", post.id));

}

return (

<Authenticated

auth={props.auth}

errors={props.errors}

header={<h2 className="font-semibold text-xl text-gray-800 leading-tight">Edit Post</h2>}

>

<Head title="Posts" />

<div className="py-12">

<div className="max-w-7xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8">

<div className="bg-white overflow-hidden shadow-sm sm:rounded-lg">

<div className="p-6 bg-white border-b border-gray-200">

<div className="flex items-center justify-between mb-6">

<Link

className="px-6 py-2 text-white bg-blue-500 rounded-md focus:outline-none"

href={ route("posts.index") }

>

Back

</Link>

</div>

<form name="createForm" onSubmit={handleSubmit}>

<div className="flex flex-col">

<div className="mb-4">

<label className="">Title</label>

<input

type="text"

className="w-full px-4 py-2"

label="Title"

name="title"

value={data.title}

onChange={(e) =>

setData("title", e.target.value)

}

/>

<span className="text-red-600">

{errors.title}

</span>

</div>

<div className="mb-0">

<label className="">Body</label>

<textarea

type="text"

className="w-full rounded"

label="body"

name="body"

errors={errors.body}

value={data.body}

onChange={(e) =>

setData("body", e.target.value)

}

/>

<span className="text-red-600">

{errors.body}

</span>

</div>

</div>

<div className="mt-4">

<button

type="submit"

className="px-6 py-2 font-bold text-white bg-green-500 rounded"

>

Update

</button>

</div>

</form>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</Authenticated>

);

}

Next, we will add posts module link on header navbar. you have to update add following line on Authenticated.jsx file.

resources/js/Pages/Posts/Edit.jsx

...

<NavLink href={route('posts.index')} active={route().current('posts.index')}>

Posts

</NavLink>

...

Run Laravel App:

All the required steps have been done, now you have to type the given below command and hit enter to run the Laravel app:

php artisan serve

Also keep run following command for vite:

npm run dev

If you want to build then you can run following command:

npm run build

Now, Go to your web browser, type the given URL and view the app output:

http://localhost:8000

now it works…

You can download full example from Github: Download

I hope it can help you…

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