How to Create a REST API using Node.js and MySQL?

Hi Dev,

This article will provide some of the most important example node js create rest api with mysql. you’ll learn node.js express mysql rest api example. We will look at example of how to create rest api in node js with mysql step by step. if you have question about creating a rest api using node.js and mysql then i will give simple example with solution.

In this tutorial, we will create very simple way rest API using node js and mysql. we will use express, mysql, body-parser npm package for creating restful api with node.js and mysql. you will find following apis after follow full this example:

APIs

Method EndPoint Description
GET api/items Get All Items
GET api/items/{id} Get Single Item
POST api/items Create New Item
PUT api/items/{id} Update Item
Delete api/items/{id} Delete Item

Now you have to follow few step to create rest api with node js. we are giving you step by step from scratch so let’s follow bellow step.

Step 1: Create Database and Table

In first step, you must have installed mysql in your system. You can use tools like SQLyog, PHPMyAdmin or similar tools.

Now you have to create new database using bellow step query, so we will use this database in our example:

Create Database:

CREATE DATABASE node_restapi;

After creating database we need to create items table with following query in “node_restapi” database:

Create Table:

CREATE TABLE `items` (

`id` bigint UNSIGNED NOT NULL,

`title` varchar(255) COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci NOT NULL,

`body` text COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci NOT NULL,

) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COLLATE=utf8mb4_unicode_ci;

After created successfully items table, you can add some dummy records as like bellow:

Add Dummy Records to Table:

INSERT INTO `items` (`id`, `title`, `body`) VALUES

(1, 'Title 1', 'Body 1'),

(2, 'Title 2', 'Body 2'),

(3, 'Title 3', 'Body 3'),

(4, 'Title 4', 'Body 4');

Step 2: Create Node App

run bellow command and create node app.

mkdir my-app

cd my-app

npm init

Step 3: Install express mysql body-parser

Here we will install express, mysql, body-parser npm package.

npm install --save express mysql body-parser

Step 4: Create app.js file

app.js

const express = require('express');

const bodyParser = require('body-parser');

const app = express();

const mysql = require('mysql');

/*------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

parse application/json

--------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------*/

app.use(bodyParser.json());

/*------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

Database Connection

--------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------*/

const conn = mysql.createConnection({

host: 'localhost',

user: 'root', /* MySQL User */

password: 'root', /* MySQL Password */

database: 'node_restapi' /* MySQL Database */

});

/*------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

Shows Mysql Connect

--------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------*/

conn.connect((err) =>{

if(err) throw err;

console.log('Mysql Connected with App...');

});

/**

* Get All Items

*

* @return response()

*/

app.get('/api/items',(req, res) => {

let sqlQuery = "SELECT * FROM items";

let query = conn.query(sqlQuery, (err, results) => {

if(err) throw err;

res.send(apiResponse(results));

});

});

/**

* Get Single Item

*

* @return response()

*/

app.get('/api/items/:id',(req, res) => {

let sqlQuery = "SELECT * FROM items WHERE id=" + req.params.id;

let query = conn.query(sqlQuery, (err, results) => {

if(err) throw err;

res.send(apiResponse(results));

});

});

/**

* Create New Item

*

* @return response()

*/

app.post('/api/items',(req, res) => {

let data = {title: req.body.title, body: req.body.body};

let sqlQuery = "INSERT INTO items SET ?";

let query = conn.query(sqlQuery, data,(err, results) => {

if(err) throw err;

res.send(apiResponse(results));

});

});

/**

* Update Item

*

* @return response()

*/

app.put('/api/items/:id',(req, res) => {

let sqlQuery = "UPDATE items SET title='"+req.body.title+"', body='"+req.body.body+"' WHERE id="+req.params.id;

let query = conn.query(sqlQuery, (err, results) => {

if(err) throw err;

res.send(apiResponse(results));

});

});

/**

* Delete Item

*

* @return response()

*/

app.delete('/api/items/:id',(req, res) => {

let sqlQuery = "DELETE FROM items WHERE id="+req.params.id+"";

let query = conn.query(sqlQuery, (err, results) => {

if(err) throw err;

res.send(apiResponse(results));

});

});

/**

* API Response

*

* @return response()

*/

function apiResponse(results){

return JSON.stringify({"status": 200, "error": null, "response": results});

}

/*------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

Server listening

--------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------*/

app.listen(3000,() =>{

console.log('Server started on port 3000...');

});

Run Node App:

All the required steps have been done, now you have to type the given below command and hit enter to run the Node app:

node app.js

Now, Go to your web browser, type the given URL and check it’s working:

http://localhost:3000

Now, Go to your web Postman and check all APIs as like bellow:

1) Get Item API:

Method:GET

URL: http://localhost:3000/api/items

How to Create a REST API using Node.js and MySQL?

2) Get Single Item API:

Method:GET

URL: http://localhost:3000/api/items/{id}

How to Create a REST API using Node.js and MySQL?

3) Create Item API:

Method:POST

URL: http://localhost:3000/api/items

Data:

{

"title": "node js title",

"body": "node js body"

}

How to Create a REST API using Node.js and MySQL?

4) Update Item API:

Method:PUT

URL: http://localhost:3000/api/items/{id}

Data:

{

"title": "node js title",

"body": "node js body"

}

How to Create a REST API using Node.js and MySQL?

5) Delete Item API:

Method:PUT

URL: http://localhost:3000/api/items/{id}

How to Create a REST API using Node.js and MySQL?

Now you can check your own.

I hope it can help you…

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